This conference, sponsored by the German Commission for UNESCO, was held 26 April - 28 April 2007 in Essen.
The meeting was planned to provide "a broad-based debate on the concept of Cultural Diversity: What does it mean, where do dangers lie and where does it offer particular opportunities? How can the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions be brought to life by cooperation when it comes into effect on March 18th 2007? What does this mean for the European Union?"
The participants, together with representatives of the international civil society, were to develop elements for a European action paper.